Setting up Jenkins for Automated Testing

In today’s fast-paced world of application development, ensuring the application’s stability and reliability is essential for delivering high-quality applications. CI/CD is a software development practice where developers continuously integrate into a shared repository to speed up development and testing, maintain high code quality, and minimize the risk of release failures so that the application can remain competitive and quality-driven. The CI/CD implementation requires several tools, and Jenkins is one of them.

Jenkins is an open-source automation server that empowers developers to facilitate CI by automating the build process of the applications, testing, and deployment processes for consistent and predictable results. Jenkins enables developers to easily detect and fix integration issues, improve collaboration, and accelerate the delivery pipeline.

In this article, we will explore how continuous integration is made easy with Jenkins. But before we do that let’s first understand what Jenkins in CI is, what the features of Jenkins are, and how it can facilitate test automation.

What is Jenkins in CI?

Continuous integration is a testing practice to continuously check the build quality as soon as any change is made. It is a software development practice where developers merge their code changes into a main repository and continuously test them after each commit to ensure that the code is bug-free.

When there are larger teams, many developers work on the same code base, as a result, any of the multiple commits can have a bug. This procedure is made easier with continuous integration where bugs can be identified and fixed early before pushing changes to production.

Jenkins, an open-source implementation of a continuous integration automation server that ensures that code is continuously merged and evaluated. It streamlines multiple actions for Continuous Integration (CI) by giving power to automate tasks necessary to build, test, and even deploy the applications.

What are the Key Features Of Jenkins?

Below are key features of Jenkins that facilitate CI.

  • Version control system integration to monitor repositories for changes, trigger builds, and incorporate updates automatically.
  • Build automation tools like Maven, Gradle, etc, and ensure that the latest changes are continuously integrated into the software testing task.
  • Automated tests can be executed for each build, using testing frameworks like JUnit, TestNG, and Selenium. This helps in generating test reports, and tracking test results, ensuring that any issues introduced during development are quickly detected and reported.
  • Pipeline as code to define the entire CI/CD pipeline as code using a domain-specific language called “Groovy” making the pipeline easy to version, scale, share, and more maintainable.
  • Distributed builds for faster and more efficient build processes by distributing the workload across multiple machines called nodes. This is to boost build and test processes.
  • Plugins and extensibility for customizing and adapting Jenkins to meet specific needs.
  • Notifications and reporting through various channels like email, Slack, or other messaging systems for keeping the team informed about build status, test results, and potential issues. reporting and visualization provide metrics for test results, code coverage, and build trends.
  • Jenkins REST API enables users to interact with Jenkins programmatically, allowing for integration with external tools, automation, and custom applications.
  • Jenkins offers easy installation and configuration with a user-friendly web interface, making continuous integration and processes as smooth as possible. Additionally, it can be used on all the major platforms, including Windows, Mac OS, and Unix-like operating systems.

Why Use Jenkins for CI?

Extensive plugin ecosystem

Jenkins is a widely used open-source CI/CD build tool. When it comes to test automation Jenkins offers a vast repository of plugins that cover almost the entire SDLC including every aspect like development, testing, documenting, and deployment pipeline.

Various plugins are available for integrating it with other tools like GitHub, Slack, Docker, Kubernetes,  SVN, etc, and testing frameworks like JUnit, Selenium, Cucumber, etc. All these tools seamlessly integrate into the CI/CD process to run automated tests suited for every build.

Additionally, most plugins also provide test result summaries and display them as an HTML page, gather dashboard results and display them as a trend graph for a better view of how the tests have fared in the past, and provide details on failures, by tabulating the test results, and logging failures with the test results.

Highly customizable

Jenkins is incredibly flexible and fits best to unique project requirements. The ability to build custom pipelines, jobs, and scripted workflows enables testers to define their complete CI/CD process in code, providing the utmost control and customization.

Scalability and distributed builds

As your projects grow, Jenkins can be used to scale increased workloads, schedule builds periodically, or trigger based on conditions or changes in the Source code repository. Testers can also set up distributed builds with multiple Jenkins agents and run jobs in parallel. This significantly improves performance and reduces build times.

Security and access control

Jenkins provides fine-grained access control and security measures to restrict access to Jenkins instances, manage user authentication against unauthorized access, and protect CI/CD environments.

Integration with source control

Jenkins seamlessly integrates with various source control systems, making it easy to initiate builds and deployments automatically when changes are pushed to repositories. These integrations facilitate the development process.

Blue Ocean interface

Jenkins provides a modern and intuitive interface called Blue Ocean. It helps in designing and visualizing pipelines. It provides a user-friendly interface to understand the CI/CD processes, making it easier for developers and non-developers working with Jenkins.

Active community and support

Jenkins has a vast and active community of users and developers, helping in providing extensive documentation, tutorials, and support online. With such a large community, Jenkins is continuously evolving and improving.

Benefits of Using Jenkins for CI

Jenkins offers numerous benefits for the CI pipeline, including streamlining application development processes and improving overall efficiency.

  • Jenkins CI automates pipeline workflow like building, testing, and deployment, and integrates each commit into the pipeline directly. Helping developers reduce time spent on manual and repetitive tasks and focus on writing code to address critical issues, accelerating the development cycle and speeding up time-to-market.
  • Building and testing on every commit minimizes bugs and creates a fast-paced environment.
  • When using Jenkins, developers require less time to integrate code after each commit, because Jenkins CI facilitates faster and more frequent code integration into a shared repository. This makes it easier to uncover and fix integration issues early on, assuring that the application functionality is always available and operational, leading to more stable and reliable applications.
  • Jenkins CI feedback system allows developers to receive faster feedback on the success and failure of their code changes. feedback system immediate feedback helps identify problems early. This allows for a shorter feedback loop and ensures that issues can be addressed before getting more difficult and time-consuming to resolve.
  • Using Jenkins, developers get more options for creating and accessing additional services through the cloud services.
  • Jenkins triggers automated workflows based on specific events, such as code commits and pull requests, enabling seamless and efficient workflow. This helps teams maintain a high level of productivity and consistency.

Components Jenkins Ecosystem

Jenkins is a robust ecosystem containing various components:

  • Jenkins Master: It is used to configure and manage jobs.
  • Jenkins Agents: They are distributed nodes for executing jobs. Agents can be run on different platforms for parallel execution.
  • Jenkins Pipeline: It is a suite of plugins for orchestrating the entire application delivery process in code.
  • Jenkinsfile: It is a script defining a pipeline using the Pipeline domain-specific language.

Best Practices for Jenkins to Get the Most out of Automated Testing

To effectively utilize Jenkins developers must follow these best practices to maintain the highest quality of the process and maximize the potential of the test automation tool

Choose plugins attentively

By getting options for multiple plugins, testers may be tempted to try a lot of them. This may slow down the development and testing therefore it is important to choose the plugins effectively.

Avoid incorporating complex Groovy code in pipelines

Groovy is a powerful, dynamic scripting language that is well-suited for Jenkins CI pipelines. Incorporating Groovy code into the Jenkins pipelines allows taking advantage of its flexibility and extensibility. But complicated Groovy code makes Pipelines harder to understand, debug, and modify. Keeping pipelines as precise as possible, can improve code quality as well as build and deliver faster.

Keep it secure

Using robust user authentication processes is important to keep the Jenkins server secure. Additionally backing up the Jenkins Home directory prevents losing the configurations and logs information.

Cleaning up old Jenkins builds

Without removing old or unwanted builds, there remain fewer resources for more current and relevant ones, leading to inadequate Jenkins controller running.

Avoid using repetitive steps

Repeating the same steps in multiple pipelines demands increased maintenance effort, and can even lead to potential inconsistencies and errors. To avoid these issues, using shared libraries is best, which allows centralizing common pipeline steps and reusing them across multiple projects.

Utilize the lockable resources plugin to avoid concurrency

Executing multiple builds or jobs simultaneously leads to concurrency issues like unexpected behavior or failures. To minimize the risk of concurrency-related problems, use the ‘lock’ step provided by the Lockable Resources plugin. This will ensure that only one build can access the resource at a time, preventing conflicts and potential corruption.

Jenkins integration for automated testing

As teams strive to deliver high-quality applications quickly automation testing continues to help them scale their software quality efforts. Continuous Integration (CI) plays a crucial role in the software development ecosystem. Many test types like unit, integration, and regression tests – are run via CI depending on the size of the test suite, the targeted environment, and the type of application under test.

Jenkins is the most popular open-source CI tool used by test teams, and it plays a significant role in accelerating the test cycles. Jenkins offers numerous plugins that meet all testing automation needs and build jobs easily. Most popular third-party testing tools and frameworks can be easily integrated with Jenkins.

Jenkins enables developers to build, deploy, and automate projects; thereby, improving time to market and higher quality applications. Therefore for seamless workflows containing a streamlined CI process, Jenkins is the fit for test automation.

LambdaTest Plugins for Jenkins Test Automation

Jenkins is one of the most popular tools for performing continuous integration and build automation. It is popular because of its extensibility and plugin architecture; Jenkins can be used with a large number of third-party tools and services.

LambdaTest has a native Jenkins plug-in that enables testers to easily integrate and run tests from the CI server using its real device cloud. Additionally, the plugin stores the record of test runs and enables viewing test results directly from Jenkins.

LambdaTest is an AI-powered test orchestration and execution platform that can be used to run manual and automated testing of mobile and web applications at scale. The platform allows testers to perform both real-time and automation testing by providing access to more than 3000 environments, real mobile devices, and browser versions on demand.

Other than integration with CI/CD tools LambdaTest also provides various other tool integrations like bug tracking tools, product management tools, and collaboration, to seamlessly execute tests and complete the delivery pipeline.


In conclusion, delivering robust and high-quality applications in a short time is imperative to stay competitive. For that understanding the relevance of adopting test automation is essential. Jenkins, well-known as a CI/CD tool, also supports test automation.

Using Jenkins, test automation teams get to utilize several plugins for integrating with various testing frameworks, including Selenium, JUnit, and TestNG, which can execute automated tests as part of the CI/CD pipeline and generate test reports. In a continuously evolving development environment, test automation with Jenkins ensures application delivery without compromising quality.

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