Ram Mandir

Nestled in the heart of Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, the Ram Mandir stands as a beacon of devotion and a monumental tribute to Lord Ram, a central figure in Hindu mythology and the epic Ramayana. This temple is not just an architectural marvel but a symbol of faith, resilience, and the culmination of centuries-old traditions and beliefs. 

Ayodhya believed to be the birthplace of Lord Ram, has been a place of pilgrimage and reverence, drawing devotees from across the globe to its sacred grounds. The construction of the Ram Mandir marks a historic moment, embodying the desires and aspirations of millions of Hindus worldwide. 

Its foundations are laid on a site rich in religious significance and historical contention, promising to be a place where spirituality, culture, and architectural grandeur converge. As the temple rises, it stands testament to India’s diverse heritage and the enduring strength of its people’s faith.

History of The Ayodhya Ram Mandir

The Ayodhya Ram Mandir has a complex and deep historical background that intertwines with the religious and cultural fabric of India. Ayodhya considered the birthplace of Lord Ram, one of Hinduism’s most revered deities, has been a focal point of faith and controversy for centuries. The site’s history took a contentious turn in 1992 with the demolition of the Babri Masjid, a 16th-century mosque, which was claimed by many Hindus to have been built over an ancient Ram temple. 

This event sparked widespread communal riots across India. The dispute over the land’s ownership lingered in the courts for years until a landmark verdict by the Supreme Court of India in November 2019, which paved the way for the construction of the Ram temple while also allocating land for a mosque elsewhere in Ayodhya. 

The foundation stone for the new Ram Mandir was laid in a grand ceremony on August 5, 2020, marking a new chapter in the site’s storied history, as it aims to become a symbol of India’s rich cultural and spiritual heritage.

Ayodhya Ram Mandir Ceremony Time Overview

Ayodhya Ram Mandir Ceremony Time Overview

The inauguration of the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Temple in Ayodhya is poised to be a monumental event, with Prime Minister Narendra Modi among the dignitaries gracing the occasion on January 22. Following the sacred consecration ceremony of Ram Lalla within the sanctum-sanctorum, the temple doors will open to devotees starting January 24.

This temple is not merely a structure; it’s a vibrant embodiment of faith and tradition that has nestled within the heart of India for centuries. As visitors enter this revered site, they will be greeted by the temple’s breathtaking architecture, replete with detailed carvings narrating the rich tapestry of India’s storied past. This article aims to shed light on the architectural splendor and the profound symbolic significance woven into the very fabric of this hallowed edifice.

Quick Fact About Shri Ram Mandir Temple

Here’s the information about the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Temple organized into a table:

Chief ArchitectsChandrakant Sompura, Nikhil Sompura, Ashish Sompura
Design AdvisorsIIT Guwahati, IIT Chennai, IIT Bombay, NIT Surat, CBRI Roorkee, NGRI Hyderabad, NIRM
Construction CompanyLarsen and Toubro (L&T)
Project Management CompanyTata Consulting Engineers Limited (TCEL)
SculptorsArun Yogiraaj (Mysore), Ganesh Bhatt, Satyanarayan Pandey
Total Area70 Acre (70% green area)
Temple Area2.77 Acre
Temple DimensionsLength – 380 Ft, Width – 250 Ft, Height – 161 Ft
Architectural StyleIndian Nagar Style
Architectural Highlights3 stories, 392 pillars, 44 doors
Bhoomi Pujan5th August 2020
Proposed Date of Inauguration22nd January 2024

Which Foundation is Used in Ram Mandir?

The foundation used for the Ram Mandir (temple) in Ayodhya incorporates a modern engineering solution designed to ensure the structure’s durability and stability for centuries. Given the temple’s significance and the need for a long-lasting foundation in the soil of Ayodhya, which varies in consistency and strength, engineers opted for a deep foundation system. 

This system likely involves piles—long, cylindrical columns made of strong materials like concrete, steel, or wood—driven deep into the ground to reach a stable layer of soil or rock. Such a foundation is chosen to support the considerable weight of the temple structure, distribute its load evenly, and protect it from seismic activity, ensuring the temple’s longevity and safety for future generations.

The Main Architect of Ayodhya Ram Mandir

The main architect of the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya is Chandrakant Sompura. Hailing from a family with a long lineage of temple architects, Sompura was tasked with the monumental responsibility of designing this iconic structure, drawing upon the ancient Indian architectural principles of Vastu Shastra and the Nagar style, which is prevalent in temple architecture in North India. 

With decades of experience in temple architecture, Chandrakant Sompura’s design for the Ram Mandir harmoniously blends traditional aesthetics with the requirements of a modern-day place of worship. His vision has been instrumental in bringing to life a temple that not only holds immense religious significance but also stands as a testament to the rich architectural heritage of India.

What is The Role of Narendra Modi in The Establishment of Ram Temple?

The Role of Narendra Modi in The Establishment of Ram Temple

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has played a significant and symbolic role in the establishment of the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya. His involvement is multifaceted, reflecting both his position as the Prime Minister of India and his association with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which has long advocated for the construction of the temple at the disputed site in Ayodhya.

1. Symbolic Representation

Modi’s participation in the foundation-laying ceremony on August 5, 2020, was a powerful symbol of the government’s support for the temple. By personally performing the ‘Bhoomi Pujan’ (a ritual to consecrate the land), Modi underscored the significance of the temple in the cultural and spiritual landscape of India, aligning with his party’s longstanding commitment to the cause.

2. Political Support

Modi’s government has provided implicit and explicit support for the construction of the Ram Mandir, a project that resonates deeply with many of his party’s supporters and the broader Hindu community in India. His leadership and the government’s stance have been pivotal in navigating the legal and logistical challenges associated with the temple’s construction.

3. Promoting National Unity

Modi has often spoken about the Ram Mandir as a symbol of national unity and cultural heritage, emphasizing its role in fostering a sense of pride and belonging among Indians. He has advocated for the temple as a place that will enhance social harmony and reflect the collective aspirations of the nation.

4. Legal Resolution

While Modi’s direct role in the legal proceedings is limited, the Supreme Court’s verdict in November 2019, which cleared the way for the temple’s construction, was welcomed by his administration. The government’s subsequent actions, including the formation of the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra Trust to oversee the construction, were in line with fulfilling the BJP’s electoral promise regarding the temple.

In summary, Narendra Modi’s role in the establishment of the Ram Mandir has been emblematic, political, and central to realizing a project that holds significant religious, cultural, and socio-political implications for India.

Why is The Ram Mandir so Controversial?

The Ram Mandir in Ayodhya has been at the center of controversy due to the disputed land on which it is built, a site claimed by both Hindus and Muslims for centuries. The conflict reached a peak in 1992 with the demolition of the Babri Masjid, a mosque that stood there since the 16th century, which many Hindus believed was constructed over an ancient temple marking the birthplace of Lord Ram. 

This event triggered widespread communal riots and legal battles that lasted for decades. The Supreme Court of India’s 2019 verdict, which allocated the land for the temple’s construction while providing an alternative site for a mosque, aimed to resolve the dispute. 

However, the historical tensions and the complex interplay of religion, politics, and identity surrounding the site have continued to make the Ram Mandir a focal point of controversy and a symbol of India’s ongoing struggle to balance its richly diverse cultural and religious heritage.

Why is Ayodhya Significant in India?

Ayodhya holds a place of immense significance in India’s cultural and religious landscape, revered as the birthplace of Lord Ram, a principal deity in Hinduism and the protagonist of the epic Ramayana. This ancient city, situated on the banks of the Sarayu River in Uttar Pradesh, is a symbol of faith, devotion, and the moral values depicted in Hindu scriptures. 

Ayodhya’s history is intertwined with mythological tales and historical events that have shaped the spiritual identity of countless generations. It is a pilgrimage site that attracts millions of devotees yearning to connect with the divine legacy of Lord Ram. 

Beyond its religious importance, Ayodhya represents India’s rich tapestry of traditions, showcasing the country’s enduring heritage and the profound sense of unity found in its diversity. The city’s legacy as a center of faith and its ongoing role in contemporary religious and cultural discourse underscore its timeless relevance to India’s spiritual and cultural fabric.

Is Ram Mandir The Largest Temple in India?

The Ram Mandir in Ayodhya, while significant in terms of its religious, historical, and cultural importance, is not the largest temple in India. India is home to several large temple complexes renowned for their expansive architecture and spiritual significance. 

One of the largest temple complexes in India is the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam, Tamil Nadu, which spans over 156 acres and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. The Akshardham Temple in Delhi, known for its vast size and intricate carvings, is another massive temple complex that attracts visitors from around the world. The Ram Mandir, once completed, will undoubtedly be one of the most important and revered temples in India, but in terms of physical size, it is not the largest.

Ayodhya Ram Mandir Features

The Ram Mandir in Ayodhya stands as a monumental testament to Hindu faith and Indian architectural brilliance. Envisioned in the traditional Nagar style, this temple not only celebrates the birthplace of Lord Ram but also showcases the exquisite artistry of ancient Indian craftsmanship reimagined through modern construction techniques. Here are explanations of this concept:

Architectural Grandeur

The Ram Mandir in Ayodhya is designed in the classical Indian Nagar style of architecture, featuring intricate carvings, majestic spires, and a sprawling layout that reflects the rich heritage of Hindu temple architecture. The temple’s design incorporates elements from several centuries-old temples across India, embodying the essence of ancient craftsmanship blended with modern engineering techniques.

Expansive Site

Covering an area of over 70 acres, with the temple structure itself spanning 2.77 acres, the Ram Mandir complex is designed to accommodate a vast number of devotees. A significant portion of the site is dedicated to green spaces, ensuring a serene environment for worship and contemplation.

Symbolic Significance

The temple stands on a site believed to be the birthplace of Lord Ram, making it a monument of immense religious significance to Hindus worldwide. It symbolizes the fulfillment of a long-standing desire to celebrate Lord Ram’s legacy in his purported birthplace.

Innovative Foundation

Given the temple’s importance and the need for longevity, the foundation of the Ram Mandir is engineered to support the massive structure securely. It utilizes modern construction techniques, including deep foundations and pillars, to ensure stability and durability for generations to come.

Cultural and Spiritual Hub

Beyond being a place of worship, the Ram Mandir is envisioned as a cultural and spiritual hub, featuring facilities for religious studies, meditation, and cultural exhibitions. The temple complex aims to promote the teachings of Lord Ram and the values of righteousness, duty, and devotion that he represents.

What are Muslims Saying About The Temple?

India’s population includes approximately 200 million Muslims out of 1.4 billion. In Ayodhya, a city in the strategically important state of Uttar Pradesh, there resides a community of around 3 million people, of which about 500,000 are Muslims. With the inauguration of the Ram Temple approaching, there is a palpable sense of apprehension among some Muslim residents about potential violence on that day.

Social media platforms, particularly WhatsApp, have become a conduit for messages of solidarity within the Muslim community, advising against the use of public transportation like trains and buses for safety reasons during the inauguration period.

Following a 2019 Supreme Court decision, which not only facilitated the temple’s construction but also mandated the allocation of land for a new mosque approximately 25 kilometers away, the Muslim community is awaiting the commencement of the mosque’s construction, anticipated to start in May.

The decision to inaugurate the Ram temple has drawn criticism from notable Muslim leaders, who mourn the displacement of the Babri mosque—a site of historical and religious significance where generations before them practiced their faith.


Ayodhya, revered as the birthplace of Lord Ram, is a place of profound spiritual, historical, and cultural importance to the people of India. The eagerly anticipated construction of the Grand Ram Temple in Ayodhya represents a significant milestone. Scheduled for inauguration on January 22, 2024, the event is set to open the doors of the temple to travelers, offering them an opportunity to witness the magnificence of this sacred site. 

Following the inauguration, Ayodhya will celebrate the Mandal Utsav from January 23 to March 10, transforming the city into a hub of festivity and devotion. This momentous occasion, occurring three years after Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone, marks a new chapter in the rich tapestry of India’s spiritual heritage, showcasing the enduring legacy and the unifying spirit of Ayodhya.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

When was the foundation stone for Ram Mandir laid?

The foundation stone for Ram Mandir was laid on August 5, 2020, by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a historic ceremony attended by various dignitaries and religious leaders.

What architectural style is Ram Mandir built in?

Ram Mandir is designed in the Nagar style of Hindu temple architecture, known for its intricate carvings, majestic spires, and elaborate layouts that are symbolic of ancient Indian architectural traditions.

How large is the Ram Mandir complex?

The Ram Mandir complex spans over 70 acres, with the temple area itself covering 2.77 acres. It includes vast green spaces and is designed to accommodate a large number of devotees.

Can anyone visit Ram Mandir?

Yes, Ram Mandir is open to all visitors, regardless of their faith or background. The temple aims to be a place of worship, cultural learning, and spiritual upliftment for everyone.

Are there any facilities for tourists and pilgrims at Ram Mandir?

The Ram Mandir complex is planned to include facilities for tourists and pilgrims, such as visitor centers, meditation areas, and exhibition spaces, to enhance their spiritual and cultural experience.

How can I donate to Ram Mandir?

Donations for Ram Mandir can be made through the official website of the Shri Ram Janmbhoomi Teerth Kshetra Trust, which is responsible for the temple’s construction and management. They provide various options for donations.